Google Chrome

Google Chrome
Google Chrome icon (September 2014).svg
Google Chrome on Windows 10
Google Chrome on Windows 10
Developer(s)Google LLC
Initial releaseSeptember 2, 2008; 10 years ago (2008-09-02)
Stable release(s) [±]
Windows, macOS, Linux71.0.3578.94 / December 14, 2018; 1 day ago (2018-12-14)[1]
Android71.0.3578.98 / December 12, 2018; 3 days ago (2018-12-12)[2]
iOS71.0.3578.89 / December 11, 2018; 4 days ago (2018-12-11)[3]
Preview release(s) [±]
Beta (Windows, macOS, Linux)72.0.3626.17 / December 13, 2018; 2 days ago (2018-12-13)[4]
Beta (Android)72.0.3626.14 / December 13, 2018; 2 days ago (2018-12-13)[5]
Beta (iOS)71.0.3578.76 / November 29, 2018; 16 days ago (2018-11-29)[6]
Dev (Windows, macOS, Linux)72.0.3626.14 / December 11, 2018; 4 days ago (2018-12-11)[7]
Dev (Android)72.0.3626.14 / December 11, 2018; 4 days ago (2018-12-11)[6]
Dev (iOS)73.0.3637.0 / December 11, 2018; 4 days ago (2018-12-11)[6]
Canary (Windows, macOS)73.0.3640.0 / December 14, 2018; 1 day ago (2018-12-14)[6]
Canary (Android)73.0.3640.0 / December 14, 2018; 1 day ago (2018-12-14)[6]
Development statusActive
Written inC, C++, Java (Android app only), JavaScript, Python[8][9][10]
Operating system
EnginesBlink (WebKit on iOS), V8
PlatformIA-32, x64, ARMv7, ARMv8-A
Available in47 languages[13]
List of languages
Afrikaans, Amharic, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chinese (Hong Kong), Chinese (PRC), Chinese (Taiwan), Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English (AU), English (UK), English (US), Estonian, Filipino, Finnish, French (Canada), French (France), German, Greek, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Latvian, Lithuanian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese (Brazil), Portuguese (Portugal), Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish (Latin America), Spanish (Spain), Swahili, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Zulu
TypeWeb browser, mobile browser
LicenseProprietary freeware, based on open source components.[14][note 1]
Websitewww.google.com/chrome/

Google Chrome (commonly known simply as Chrome) is a freeware web browser developed by Google LLC.[14] It was first released on September 2, 2008 for Microsoft Windows, and was later ported to Linux, macOS, iOS and Android. Google Chrome is also the main component of Chrome OS, where it serves as a platform for running web apps.

Google releases the majority of Chrome's source code as the Chromium open-source project;[15][16] however, Chrome itself is proprietary software.[17][14] One component that is not open-source is the built-in Adobe Flash Player (that Chrome has disabled by default since September 2016[18]). Chrome used the WebKit layout engine until version 27. As of version 28, all Chrome ports except the iOS port use Blink, a fork of the WebKit engine.[19][20][21]

As of 2018, StatCounter estimates that Google Chrome has a 68% worldwide usage share of web browsers as a desktop browser.[22] It also has 61% market share across all platforms combined,[23] because it has over 50% share on smartphones; and thus Chrome is the most used browser in virtually all countries (most exceptions in Africa).[24] Its success has led to Google expanding the "Chrome" brand name on various other products such as Chrome OS, Chromecast, Chromebook, Chromebit, Chromebox and Chromebase.

  1. ^ "Stable Channel Update for Desktop". Chrome Releases. Blogger. December 14, 2018. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  2. ^ "Chrome for Android Update". Chrome Releases blog. Blogger. December 13, 2018. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  3. ^ "Google Chrome on the App Store". iTunes Preview. December 11, 2018. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  4. ^ "Beta Channel Update for Desktop". Google Blogspot. December 13, 2018. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  5. ^ "Chrome Beta for Android Update". Google Blogspot. December 13, 2018. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Google Chrome". OmahaProxy CSV Viewer. Chromium team.
  7. ^ "Dev Channel Update for Desktop". Google Blogspot. December 11, 2018. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  8. ^ "Chromium (Google Chrome)". Ohloh.net. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  9. ^ "Chromium coding style". Google Open Source. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
  10. ^ Lextrait, Vincent (January 2010). "The Programming Languages Beacon, v10.0". Archived from the original on May 30, 2012. Retrieved March 14, 2010.
  11. ^ "Google Chrome for Android is dropping support for Android 4.1-4.3 Jelly Bean". XDA Developers. October 5, 2018. Retrieved December 10, 2018.
  12. ^ "Chrome for iOS".
  13. ^ "Supported languages". Google Play Console Help. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
  14. ^ a b c "Google Chrome Terms of Service".
  15. ^ Paul, Ryan (September 2, 2008). "Google unveils Chrome source code and Linux port". Ars Technica. Condé Nast. Retrieved March 9, 2017.
  16. ^ "Welcome to Chromium". blog.chromium.org.
  17. ^ "Explaining Why We Don't Endorse Other Systems". gnu.org. Retrieved 2018-04-07. The central part of Chrome OS is the nonfree Chrome browser.
  18. ^ LaForge, Anthony (August 9, 2016). "Flash and Chrome". The Keyword Google Blog. Google. Retrieved March 9, 2017.
  19. ^ Bright, Peter (April 3, 2013). "Google going its own way, forking WebKit rendering engine". Ars Technica. Condé Nast. Retrieved March 9, 2017.
  20. ^ Protalinski, Emil (April 8, 2013). "It's here: Google replaces WebKit version ID with Blink in latest Chrome build". The Next Web. Retrieved March 9, 2017.
  21. ^ Statcounter. "Desktop Browser Market Share Worldwide | StatCounter Global Stats". gs.statcounter.com. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  22. ^ Statcounter. "Browser Market Share Worldwide | StatCounter Global Stats". gs.statcounter.com. Retrieved October 20, 2018.


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